Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

05/30/2020 04:31 PM
New sunspots potentially herald increased solar activity
On May 29, 2020, a family of sunspots -- dark spots that freckle the face of the Sun, representing areas of complex magnetic fields -- sported the biggest solar flare since October 2017. Although the sunspots are not yet visible (they will soon rotate into view over the left limb of the Sun), NASA spacecraft spotted the flares high above them.
05/30/2020 11:36 AM
The fight goes on: Clinical trial shows promising new treatment for rare blood cancer
Although lymphoma is one of the most common types of blood cancer, it has a rare subtype for which no effective treatment regimens are known. For the first time, researchers have conducted clinical trials for a new treatment protocol and report it to be quite promising.
05/29/2020 04:13 PM
Key player in hepatitis A virus infection
Researchers designed experiments using gene-editing tools to discover how molecules called gangliosides serve as de facto gatekeepers to allow the virus entry into liver cells and trigger disease.
05/29/2020 04:12 PM
Adolescent exposure to anesthetics may cause alcohol use disorder, new research shows
Early exposure to anesthetics may make adolescents more susceptible to developing alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to new research.
05/29/2020 04:12 PM
Evolution of pandemic coronavirus outlines path from animals to humans
A team of scientists studying the origin of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that has caused the COVID-19 pandemic, found that it was especially well-suited to jump from animals to humans by shapeshifting as it gained the ability to infect human cells.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world
A recent study explores the ways parasitism will respond to climate change, providing researchers new insights into disease transmission.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Paper-thin gallium oxide transistor handles more than 8,000 volts
Electrical engineers created a gallium oxide-based transistor that can handle more than 8,000 volts. The transistor could lead to smaller and more efficient electronic systems that control and convert electric power -- a field of study known as power electronics -- in electric cars, locomotives and airplanes. In turn, this could help improve how far these vehicles can travel.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Paid sick leave mandates hold promise in containing COVID-19
Mandates like those found in the federal government's Families First Coronavirus Response Act may be helping to slow the pandemic.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Older men worry less than others about COVID-19
Older men may be at greater risk of contracting COVID-19 because they worry less about catching or dying from it, according to a new study.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Using brain imaging to demonstrate weaker neural suppression for those with autism
A new study shows the differences in visual motion perception in autism spectrum disorder are accompanied by weaker neural suppression in the visual cortex of the brain.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Integrating satellite and socioeconomic data to improve climate change policy
Bangladesh is on track to lose all of its forestland in the next 35-40 years, leading to a rise in CO2 emissions and subsequent climate change, researchers said. However, that is just one of the significant land-use changes that the country is experiencing. A new study uses satellite and census data to quantify and unravel how physical and economic factors drive land-use changes. Understanding this relationship can inform climate policy at the national scale in Bangladesh and beyond.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Yes, your dog wants to rescue you
Imagine you're a dog. Your owner is trapped in a box and is crying out for help. Are you aware of his despair? If so, can you set him free? And what's more, do you really want to? That's what researchers wanted to know when they gave dogs the chance to rescue their owners.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
Smart windows that self-illuminate on rainy days
A research team develops self-powering, color-changing humidity sensors. Applicable to various fields including smart windows, health care and safety management.
05/29/2020 03:07 PM
New view on how tissues flow in the embryo
Watching and measuring what happens in tissues inside the human embryo is currently not possible, and it's difficult to do in mammalian models. Because humans and the fruit fly Drosophila share so many biological similarities, researchers tackled this problem by focusing on fruit flies. The team reports today that they can predict when the tissue will begin to rapidly flow just by looking at cell shapes in the tissue.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
'Single pixel' vision in fish helps scientists understand how humans can spot tiny details
Recently discovered 'single-pixel vision' in fish could help researchers understand how humans are able to spot tiny details in their environment -- like stars in the sky.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
When COVID-19 meets flu season
As if the COVID-19 pandemic isn't scary enough, the flu season is not far away. How severe will the flu season be as it converges with the COVID-19 outbreak? What can we do to prepare?
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Study charts developmental map of inner ear sound sensor in mice
A team of researchers has generated a developmental map of a key sound-sensing structure in the mouse inner ear. Scientists analyzed data from 30,000 cells from mouse cochlea, the snail-shaped structure of the inner ear. The results provide insights into the genetic programs that drive the formation of cells important for detecting sounds and the underlying causes for some forms of inner ear hearing loss.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Researchers develop experimental rapid COVID-19 test using nanoparticle technique
Scientists have developed an experimental diagnostic test for COVID-19 that can visually detect the presence of the virus in 10 minutes. It uses a simple assay containing plasmonic gold nanoparticles to detect a color change when the virus is present.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Using riboflavin, UV light reduces SARS-CoV-2 pathogens in plasma, whole blood
Researchers used existing technologies to show that exposing the coronavirus to riboflavin and ultraviolet light reduces blood-borne pathogens in human plasma and whole-blood products.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
The most common organism in the oceans harbors a virus in its DNA
The most common organism in the world's oceans -- and possibly the whole planet -- harbors a virus in its DNA. This virus may have helped it survive and outcompete other organisms.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Growing evidence that minority ethnic groups in England may be at higher risk of COVID-19
Evidence available to date suggests that minority ethnic groups in England, particularly black and south Asian people, may be at increased risk of testing positive for Covid-19, compared to people from white British backgrounds, according to a new study.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Fearful Great Danes provide new insights to genetic causes of fear
Researchers have identified a new genomic region and anxiety-related candidate genes associated with fearfulness in dogs. Findings support their hypothesis that fearfulness and anxiety are hereditary traits in dogs, and there may be shared factors underlying anxiety in both humans and dogs.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
How toxic protein spreads in Alzheimer's disease
Toxic versions of the protein tau are believed to cause death of neurons of the brain in Alzheimer's disease. A new study shows that the spread of toxic tau in the human brain in elderly individuals may occur via connected neurons. The researchers could see that beta-amyloid facilitates the spread of toxic tau.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Anesthesia's effect on consciousness solved, settling century-old scientific debate
How does general anesthesia cause loss of consciousness? Despite its 175-year-history of use by the U.S. medical system, science has been unable to definitively answer that question, until now. The lipid-based answer could open other brain mysteries.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Solution to century-old math problem could predict transmission of infectious diseases
An academic has achieved a milestone in statistical/mathematical physics by solving a 100-year-old physics problem -- the discrete diffusion equation in finite space.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
Researchers discover new high-pressure material and solve a periodic table puzzle
In the periodic table of elements there is one golden rule for carbon, oxygen, and other light elements. Under high pressures they have similar structures to heavier elements in the same group of elements. Only nitrogen always seemed unwilling to toe the line. However, high-pressure researchers have actually disproved this special status.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
New method to map cholesterol metabolism in brain
Researchers have developed new technology to monitor cholesterol in brain tissue which could uncover its relation to neurodegenerative disease and pave the way for the development of new treatments.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
A hormone -- plant style
Researchers have now found a method that might make the production of a biologically significant precursor of jasmonic acid more efficient and cheaper. Their innovation: they imitate how plants produce the hormone. The result is 12-OPDA, a central precursor of jasmonic acid. In the long term, it could also be a potential precursor for high-quality perfume.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
'Watcher' tracks coronavirus in Cincinnati and beyond
As cases of COVID-19 soar, two University of Cincinnati students develop an interactive dashboard that shows cases and deaths related to the novel coronavirus throughout the nation.
05/29/2020 03:06 PM
New model predicts the peaks of the COVID-19 pandemic
Researchers describe a single function that accurately describes all existing available data on active COVID-19 cases and deaths -- and predicts forthcoming peaks.
05/29/2020 09:31 AM
New gut-brain link: How gut mucus could help treat brain disorders
Gut bacterial imbalance is linked with many neurological disorders. Now researchers have identified a common thread: changes in gut mucus. It's a new gut-brain connection that opens fresh paths for scientists searching for ways to treat brain disorders by targeting our 'second brain' -- the gut.
05/29/2020 09:31 AM
New research reveals cannabis and frankincense at the Judahite shrine of biblical Arad
Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the 'holy of holies' of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain cannabis and frankincense, according to new article.
05/29/2020 09:31 AM
Climate could cause abrupt British vegetation changes
Climate change could cause abrupt shifts in the amount of vegetation growing in parts of Great Britain, new research shows.
05/29/2020 09:31 AM
Active material created out of microscopic spinning particles
Researchers have created a new kind of self-healing active material out of 'microspinners,' which self-assemble under a magnetic field to form a lattice.
05/28/2020 04:11 PM
Wildfires can alter Arctic watersheds for 50 years
Climate change has contributed to the increase in the number of wildfires in the Arctic and can dramatically shift stream chemistry. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that some of the aftereffects, like decreased carbon and increased nitrogen, can last up to five decades and could have major implications on vital waterways like the Yenisei River and the Arctic Ocean